Fine and coarse aggregates make up the bulk of a concrete mixture. Sand, natural gravel, and crushed stone are used mainly for this purpose. Recycled aggregates (from construction, demolition, and excavation waste) are increasingly used as partial replacements for natural aggregates, while a number of manufactured aggregates, including air-cooled blast furnace slag and bottom ash are also ...

* The bulk density is the mass of the material related to a specific volume and for cement is normally expressed as "kilograms per cubic metre". * The bulk density reflects the volume taken up by the cement plus any air trapped between the p...

The proportions of cement, sand, coarse aggregate and water plays an important role in determining the fresh and hardended properties of concrete. So care should be taken while calculating the amount of Cement, Sand and Aggregate required for 1 Cubic meter of Concrete.

The standard coarse aggregate specific gravity and absorption test is: AASHTO T 85 and ASTM C 127: Specific Gravity and Absorption of Coarse Aggregate; Background. Specific gravity is a measure of a material's density (mass per unit volume) as compared to the density of water at 73.4°F (23°C).