Australia's iron ore reserves and resources are in both hematite and magnetite ores. Because of the high average grades (% Fe) of hematite ores when compared to the average grades for magnetite ores, it is necessary to report national resources in terms of contained iron.
Roasting is a process of heating of sulfide ore to a high temperature in presence of air. It is a step of the processing of certain ores.More specifically, roasting is a metallurgical process involving gas–solid reactions at elevated temperatures with the goal of purifying the metal component(s).
This is when solid particles stick to one another, and while this is an undesirable feature in many powder and particle processing operations, it is essential for the successful sintering of iron ore fines, coke and fluxes into a suitable blast furnace feed.
Each of the two minerals – Hydromagnesite and Huntite (HMH) – are flame retardants on their own, the combination, however, results in a unique product which specific properties may be adjusted by selected mining and processing to fit a variety of applications.
Abutment — In coal mining, (1) the weight of the rocks above a narrow roadway is transferred to the solid coal along the sides, which act as abutments of the arch of strata spanning the roadway; and (2) the weight of the rocks over a longwall face is transferred to the front abutment, that is, the solid coal ahead of the face and the back abutment, that is, the settled packs behind the face.
Phosphate rock is the main source of phosphorous which is essential to all forms of life. It is a key component of DNA, it is used in the control of energy transfer and storage at the cellular level as well as playing an important role in metabolic processes.