Fracking near geological faults in former coal mining areas could trigger earthquakes and should not take place without careful assessment of all available geological data, according to one of the UK's leading experts on the subject. Professor Peter Styles, a former adviser to David Cameron, said ...
> click to download the full MLM IDP 2017-18 document < INTRODUCTION, CONTEXT AND OVERVIEW; In terms of the Municipal Systems Act 2000 (Act No 32 of 2000), municipalities need to annually review their IDP's in order to assess their performance and changing circumstances.
Fig. 1, above shows an illustration of a Open Pit Surface Mine. The definition of a open pit mine is "an excavation or cut made at the surface of the ground for the purpose of extracting ore and which is open to the surface for the duration of the mine's life."
1 Analytical Environmental Chemistry Research Group, Department of Chemistry, Benue State University, Makurdi 970001, Nigeria 2 Research Laboratory, GeoEnvironmental & Climate Change Adaptation Research Centre, University of Benin, Benin City 300283, Nigeria