Definition: The term "ore" is defined in the current study to describe a concentration of non-metallic, e.g., feldspar, or metallic minerals, e.g. spodumene, in pegmatitic rocks irrespective of its structure and position in the deposit which was or is currently mined for a profit.
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Coltan (short for columbite–tantalites and known industrially as tantalite) is a dull black metallic ore, from which the elements niobium and tantalum are extracted. The niobium-dominant mineral in coltan is columbite (after niobium's original American name columbium), and the tantalum-dominant mineral is tantalite.
Bauxite is a sedimentary rock with a relatively high aluminium content. It is the world's main source of aluminium. Bauxite consists mostly of the aluminium minerals gibbsite (Al(OH) 3), boehmite (γ-AlO(OH)) and diaspore (α-AlO(OH)), mixed with the two iron oxides goethite and haematite, the aluminium clay mineral kaolinite and small amounts of anatase (TiO 2) and ilmenite (FeTiO 3 or FeO ...
There are a vast number of metal ores in the world ranging from lead ore to zinc ore, iron ore, manganese ore, and much more. These metal ores are found in many places around the world, especially in Nigeria, and are equally in high demand in many other places around the world, with some ...
1.2. Chalcopyrite Ore Production The sulfide ore minerals including chalcopyrite (CuFeS 2), sphalerite (ZnS), galena (PbS) provide the major sources of the world's base metals (Cu, Zn, Pb, respectively), whereas pyrite is virtually ubiquitous as a metalliferous mineral in sulfide ore deposits (Crang and Vanghan, 1994).
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Scattered literature is harnessed to critically review the possible sources, chemistry, potential biohazards and best available remedial strategies for a number of heavy metals (lead, chromium, arsenic, zinc, cadmium, copper, mercury and nickel) commonly found in contaminated soils.