Fortescue Metals Group Ltd (Often referred to as FMG) is an Australian iron ore company. Fortescue is the fourth largest iron ore producer in the world as of March 2011. The company has holdings of more than 87,000 km² in the Pilbara region of Western Australia making it the largest tenement holder in the state, larger than both BHP Billiton and Rio Tinto.
Chalcopyrite ores are usually processed by means of hydrometallurgical or pyrometallurgical processes, but due to environmental aspects and the possibility of increased exploitation of mixed and lower grade ores and relatively small isolated deposits, there has been a worldwide upsurge of interest in the hydrometallurgical processes of this ore as compared to pyrometallurgy.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840. This transition included going from hand production methods to machines, new chemical manufacturing and iron production processes, the increasing use of steam power, the development of machine tools and the rise of the factory system.
A Short History of the Joshua Hendy Iron Works: Joshua Hendy came to the United States from Scotland in 1836. As a young man he learned the machinist's trade in the East and in 1851, at the age of 33, he traveled to California, probably hoping for riches in the gold fields.