A road surface or pavement is the durable surface material laid down on an area intended to sustain vehicular or foot traffic, such as a road or walkway.In the past, gravel road surfaces, cobblestone and granite setts were extensively used, but these surfaces have mostly been replaced by asphalt or concrete laid on a compacted base course.
Note: Click on green text in each section for more information and photos. The trees in the urban forest provide important infrastructure services through stormwater retention, air and water pollution reduction, climate change mitigation, and the reduction of the heat island effect.
The Gateway to Up-To-Date Information on Integrated 'Whole Building' Design Techniques and Technologies. The goal of 'Whole Building' Design is to create a successful high-performance building by applying an integrated design and team approach to the project during the planning and programming phases.